Struggle Over the Nile
The Nile: Charting the course of history
Key dates in the history of a river that has been the subject of political control and adoration for centuries.
Colonial rule 1800-1920
Britain formally occupies Egypt to control the Suez Canal as a strategic route to India, the jewel in the crown of the British empire.
Nubian relocation 1925-1955
At least 120,000 Nubians in Egypt and Sudan are forced to move to the west bank of the Nile during the construction of the first dam in Aswan.
Addis Ababa deal 1960 – 1970
The British sign the Addis Ababa agreement with Ethiopia’s Emperor Menlik II promising not to build any dam that will affect the flow of the Blue Nile to Egypt.
Independence move 1971-2000
Egyptians led by the fiery nationalist Saad Zaghloul revolt against British occupation, demanding complete independence.
Source: Al Jazeera